Skip to search formSkip to main contentSkip to account menu
You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly.

Substance Withdrawal Syndrome

Known as: Withdrawal Syndrome, Substance, SYNDROME WITHDRAWAL, Withdrawal Syndromes, Substance 
A substance-specific organic brain syndrome that follows the discontinuation of administration or use, or reduction in intake of an addictive… Expand
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic.
Review
2010
Review
2010
Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder that has been characterized by (1) compulsion to seek and take the drug, (2… Expand
  • figure 1
  • figure 2
  • figure 3
  • figure 4
  • figure 5
Review
2004
Review
2004
This article offers a reformulation of the negative reinforcement model of drug addiction and proposes that the escape and… Expand
  • figure 1
  • figure 2
  • figure 3
Review
2003
Review
2003
Syndromal classification is a well-developed diagnostic system but has failed to deliver on its promise of the identification of… Expand
Review
2002
Review
2002
AbstractRational and objectives. The reinstatement model is currently used in many laboratories to investigate mechanisms… Expand
  • figure 1
  • table 1
  • figure 2
  • figure 3
  • figure 4
Review
2002
Review
2002
This review addresses recent advances in specific mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Because of its unique metabolism and relationship… Expand
  • figure 1
  • figure 2
  • figure 3
  • figure 4
Highly Cited
1999
Highly Cited
1999
The function of the central cannabinoid receptor (CB1) was investigated by invalidating its gene. Mutant mice did not respond to… Expand
Review
1998
Review
1998
Dr. Dimitris A. Papanicolaou (Developmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development… Expand
Highly Cited
1989
Highly Cited
1989
A shortened 10-item scale for clinical quantitation of the severity of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome has been developed. This… Expand
  • table 1
Highly Cited
1985
Highly Cited
1985
The development of a scale to assess drug and other treatment effects on severely mentally retarded individuals was described. In… Expand
Highly Cited
1978
Highly Cited
1978
NORADRENERGIC neurones of the locus coeruleus (LC; A6 of ref. 1) are inhibited by the systemic or local administration of… Expand