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Semantic memory includes all acquired knowledge about the world and is the basis for nearly all human activity, yet its… Expand Stress is a part of every life to varying degrees, but individuals differ in their stress vulnerability. Stress is usefully… Expand A neurobiological model for pair-bond formation has emerged from studies in monogamous rodents. The neuropeptides oxytocin and… Expand Consolidation is the progressive postacquisition stabilization of long-term memory. The term is commonly used to refer to two… Expand Learning the relationships between aversive events and the environmental stimuli that predict such events is essential to the… Expand Recent studies have begun to elucidate the roles played in social cognition by specific neural structures, genes, and… Expand Epidemiologic studies indicate that children exposed to early adverse experiences are at increased risk for the development of… Expand Startle is a fast response to sudden, intense stimuli and probably protects the organism from injury by a predator or by a blow… Expand Muscle fatigue encompasses a class of acute effects that impair motor performance. The mechanisms that can produce fatigue… Expand A model for a large network of "neurons" with a graded response (or sigmoid input-output relation) is studied. This deterministic… Expand