pack years

Known as: Pack Year, {Pack Year} 
A way to measure the amount a person has smoked over a long period of time. It is calculated by multiplying the number of packs of cigarettes smoked… (More)
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

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2016
2016
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking-induced oxidative stress is known to be a key mechanism in COPD pathogenesis. Nuclear factor… (More)
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2015
2015
BACKGROUND There is limited data on the risk factors and phenotypical characteristics associated with spirometrically confirmed… (More)
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2015
2015
OBJECTIVE Current United States recommendations for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening limit eligibility… (More)
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2015
2015
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that telomere length in peripheral blood would have significant predictive value for risk of… (More)
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2012
2012
BACKGROUND Head and neck cancer patients with high hemoglobin respond better to irradiation compared to patients with low… (More)
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Highly Cited
2012
Highly Cited
2012
Epigenetic modifications to peripheral white blood cell DNA occur in response to a wide variety of exposures. In prior work, we… (More)
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2010
2010
PURPOSE To examine the prevalence of macular telangiectasia type 2 and lesions characterizing it. DESIGN Population-based… (More)
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Highly Cited
2004
Highly Cited
2004
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death in Ireland. The majority of lung cancers are inoperable… (More)
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Highly Cited
1994
Highly Cited
1994
The levels of aromatic/hydrophobic DNA adducts were analyzed in normal lung tissue from 63 lung cancer patients and examined in… (More)
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1987
1987
Cigarette smoking is considered to be the single most important acquired cause of cancer mortality. Studies of chromosome… (More)
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