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pack years

Known as: Pack Year, {Pack Year} 
A way to measure the amount a person has smoked over a long period of time. It is calculated by multiplying the number of packs of cigarettes smoked… 
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic.
2016
2016
The mechanisms of WNT/β-catenin signaling involved in airway inflammation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remain… 
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2016
2016
The burden of oxidative stress is increased in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, whether the intra-cellular… 
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2016
2016
BackgroundCigarette smoking-induced oxidative stress is known to be a key mechanism in COPD pathogenesis. Nuclear factor… 
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Highly Cited
2015
Highly Cited
2015
Introduction: This study characterizes tobacco cessation patterns and the association of cessation with survival among lung… 
Highly Cited
2012
Highly Cited
2012
Epigenetic modifications to peripheral white blood cell DNA occur in response to a wide variety of exposures. In prior work, we… 
Highly Cited
2011
Highly Cited
2011
After long debate about the worth of screening for lung cancer, and even about the merits of doing a randomized trial to address… 
Highly Cited
2011
Highly Cited
2011
Objective. Determine human papillomavirus (HPV) incidence in unknown primary squamous cell carcinomas (SCCa) of the head and neck… 
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Highly Cited
2004
Highly Cited
2004
Background: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer related death in Ireland. The majority of lung cancers are inoperable… 
Highly Cited
1994
Highly Cited
1994
The levels of aromatic/hydrophobic DNA adducts were analyzed in normal lung tissue from 63 lung cancer patients and examined in… 
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