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A method is proposed, called channel polarization, to construct code sequences that achieve the symmetric capacity I(W) of any… Expand List of Figures ix List of Tables xi Preface and Acknowledgments xiii Introduction 1 PART I: VETO PLAYERS THEORY 17 One… Expand Following Nye & Hajnal, we explore the geometry of complex vector waves by regarding them as a field of polarization ellipses… Expand II A beautiful idea 2 A The intuition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 B Classical cryptography . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Asymmetrical… Expand Using spin-weighted decomposition of polarization in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) we show that a particular combination… Expand The coupled-wave method formulated by Moharam and Gaylord [ J. Opt. Soc. Am.73, 451 ( 1983)] is known to be slowly converging… Expand Chandrasekhar’s work in radiative transfer theory began in 1944 and culminated with the publication of his influential… Expand If a photon of definite polarization encounters an excited atom, there is typically some nonvanishing probability that the atom… Expand An apparatus for investigating the course of fast chemical reactions, which are initiated in a liquid chemical system under… Expand People who hold strong opinions on complex social issues are likely to examine relevant empirical evidence in a biased manner… Expand