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Black box

Known as: Black box (systems), Black box theory, Black box engineering 
In science, computing, and engineering, a black box is a device, system or object which can be viewed in terms of its inputs and outputs (or transfer… 
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Papers overview

Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic.
Review
2019
Review
2019
In recent years, many accurate decision support systems have been constructed as black boxes, that is as systems that hide their… 
Highly Cited
2017
Highly Cited
2017
Machine learning (ML) models, e.g., deep neural networks (DNNs), are vulnerable to adversarial examples: malicious inputs… 
Highly Cited
2017
Highly Cited
2017
How can we explain the predictions of a black-box model? In this paper, we use influence functions — a classic technique from… 
Highly Cited
2014
Highly Cited
2014
Variational inference has become a widely used method to approximate posteriors in complex latent variables models. However… 
Highly Cited
2011
Highly Cited
2011
A major challenge for managers in turbulent environments is to make sound decisions quickly. Dynamic capabilities have been… 
Highly Cited
2009
Highly Cited
2009
To enable a better understanding of the underlying logic of path dependence, we set forth a theoretical framework explaining how… 
Highly Cited
2007
Highly Cited
2007
Virtualization can provide significant benefits in data centers by enabling virtual machine migration to eliminate hotspots. We… 
Highly Cited
2006
Highly Cited
2006
Social science research contains a wealth of knowledge for people seeking to understand collaboration processes. The authors… 
Highly Cited
1997
Highly Cited
1997
With this first issue, Organization Science inaugurates a new editorial format called "Perspective." It is intended as an… 
Highly Cited
1995
Highly Cited
1995
The 'credit channel' theory of monetary policy transmission holds that informational frictions in credit markets worsen during…