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Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) is probably the most renowned Eurasian montane butterfly. Its specialized ecology makes it… Expand Growth of alpine glaciers during the Pleistocene had profound effects on montane landscapes in North America and the organisms… Expand Parnassius apollo (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) declines on numerous localities all over Europe. Its local subspecies… Expand Levels of gene flow among populations vary both inter‐ and intraspecifically, and understanding the ecological bases of variation… Expand Abstract Climate oscillations of the Quaternary drove the repeated expansion and contraction of ecosystems. Alpine organisms were… Expand We examined the migration and survival of the butterfly Parnassius smintheus in a heterogeneous landscape consisting of 21… Expand We experimentally examined edge effects and movement patterns of the butterfly Parnassius smintheus in two habitat types, its… Expand SummaryThe adaptive significance of alpine melanism, the tendancy for insects to become darker with increased elevation and… Expand Abstract We examined the effects of isolation and site size on the abundance, density, emigration and immigration of the… Expand