Rhabdom evolution in butterflies: insights from the uniquely tiered and heterogeneous ommatidia of the Glacial Apollo butterfly, Parnassius glacialis

@article{Matsushita2012RhabdomEI,
  title={Rhabdom evolution in butterflies: insights from the uniquely tiered and heterogeneous ommatidia of the Glacial Apollo butterfly, Parnassius glacialis},
  author={A. Matsushita and Hiroko Awata and Motohiro Wakakuwa and S. Takemura and K. Arikawa},
  journal={Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  year={2012},
  volume={279},
  pages={3482 - 3490}
}
The eye of the Glacial Apollo butterfly, Parnassius glacialis, a ‘living fossil’ species of the family Papilionidae, contains three types of spectrally heterogeneous ommatidia. Electron microscopy reveals that the Apollo rhabdom is tiered. The distal tier is composed exclusively of photoreceptors expressing opsins of ultraviolet or blue-absorbing visual pigments, and the proximal tier consists of photoreceptors expressing opsins of green or red-absorbing visual pigments. This organization is… Expand
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