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Recent studies show that osmotically driven membrane processes may be a viable technology for desalination, water and wastewater… Expand Abstract Fouling behaviors during forward osmosis (FO) and reverse osmosis (RO) are compared. Alginate, humic acid, and bovine… Expand Reverse osmosis membrane technology has developed over the past 40 years to a 44% share in world desalting production capacity… Expand The physiological and molecular mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic and ionic components of salinity stress are reviewed at the… Expand Osmosis through asymmetric membranes has been studied as a means of desalination via forward osmosis and power generation through… Expand A novel forward (direct) osmosis (FO) desalination process is presented. The process uses an ammonium bicarbonate draw solution… Expand World population is increasing at an alarming rate and is expected to reach about six billion by the end of year 2050. On the… Expand Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a stress-activated protein kinase that can be induced by inflammatory cytokines, bacterial… Expand Water rapidly crosses the plasma membrane of red blood cells (RBCs) and renal tubules through specialized channels. Although… Expand It was previously reported that bacteriophage T4 contains the polyamines putrescine, NH2(CH2)$;IH2, and spermidine, NHQ(CH&NH(CH… Expand