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Open shell

Known as: Closed shell 
In the context of atomic orbitals, an open shell is a valence shell which is not completely filled with electrons or that has not given all of its… Expand
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Highly Cited
2008
Highly Cited
2008
We introduce Scioto, shared collections of task objects, a lightweight framework for providing task management on distributed… Expand
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Highly Cited
2006
Highly Cited
2006
There is growing interest in states of matter with topological order. These are characterized by highly stable ground states… Expand
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Highly Cited
2000
Highly Cited
2000
The nature of the singlet and triplet excited states of a series of meso-to-meso ethyne-linked bis(porphyrin) compounds was… Expand
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Highly Cited
2000
Highly Cited
2000
The use of time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is considered for the determination of electronic excitation… Expand
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Highly Cited
1999
Highly Cited
1999
Abstract Photoelectron spectra of mass-separated, negatively charged, bare and reacted aluminium clusters Al n H m − ( n =12–14… Expand
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Highly Cited
1998
Highly Cited
1998
Abstract The possibility of superconductivity (SC) in the ground state of the two-dimensional (2D) Hubbard model was investigated… Expand
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Highly Cited
1997
Highly Cited
1997
The 351-nm photoelectron spectrum of the negative ion of 1,3-benzoquinodimethane (m-xylylene) is reported. Features are observed… Expand
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Highly Cited
1994
Highly Cited
1994
Several possible definitions for a multireference second‐order perturbation theory are suggested. These are tested against some… Expand
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Highly Cited
1990
Highly Cited
1990
The linear response function for a coupled cluster singles and doubles wave function is used to calculate vertical electronic… Expand
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Highly Cited
1984
Highly Cited
1984
Chemical bonding is described in terms of the properties of the one-electron density f2 (r) and the local energy density H (r… Expand
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