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The probiotic relevant characteristics of 45 strains of vaginal Lactobacillus isolated from healthy women were analyzed. Of these… Expand There is an urgent need to expand the range of interventions to prevent HIV transmission and acquisition, especially those that… Expand In 1999 about 5.4 million people were newly infected with HIV.1 In some countries public health programmes have achieved modest… Expand OBJECTIVE
Safe and effective vaginally applied microbicides could help to control the continuing spread of sexually transmitted… Expand For the last 40 y, substantial evidence has surfaced on the hormone-like effects of environmental chemicals such as pesticides… Expand The potential of nonoxynol-9 to reduce womens susceptibility to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) was investigated in a double… Expand BACKGROUND
Nonoxynol 9 is a proved spermicide, but whether it is also a microbicide is uncertain. A truly effective vaginal… Expand OBJECTIVE
To determine the efficacy of the nonoxynol 9 contraceptive sponge in preventing sexual acquisition of the human… Expand Nurses from the AIDS Street Nurse Project administered a short questionnaire to 71 sex trade workers (64 females and 7 males… Expand Simulated in vitro intercourse conditions demonstrated that unlubricated latex condoms provide an effective physical barrier to… Expand