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The work deals with the steady flows of ions and electrons coinciding in quantity and direction. The one- dimensional problem considers the cold ions and electrons characterized by the isentropic state. The area was defined in which the speed of ions exceeds the ion-acoustic speed. The problem may be of interest for the creation of accelerators in which the charged particles have to leave the accelerator in pairs excluding the possibility of charge accumulation in the accelerator.

The solution of the fundamental problems of plasma dynamics is of interest to energy efficient thrusters and analysis of states of the plasma that forms around the spacecraft analysis of states of the plasma that forms around the spacecraft.

In Specifically, should create an conditions in which there is no charge accumulation on the spacecraft. Is commonly used “cathode-compensator” (see [

The problem also is the appearance of “sound singularity” in the thruster (see [2-4]), which appears with using the quasi-neutral approach, but in [

In the work [

The electrons are considered to be the monatomic ideal gas which is described by the equation of condition:

where is an adiabatic index. For the monatomic gas. It is suitable to represent the constant C as:

, here is a constant of the energy dimension (temperature), is the initial electron density.

The one-dimensional hydrodynamic equation of the electron motion is as follows:

where is the speed of electrons,—the potential,—the electron charge and mass,—the axial coordinate.

This equation can be integrated:

The equation (3) is modified Bernoulli equation describing the equilibrium of the fluid in an external field (see [

In (3) the quantity is the integration constant.

The ions are described by means of the relation:

where—the velocity,—the initial velocity of the ion flow, M—the ion mass.

Let us introduce the parameter, where

is the stream of particles. Let us denote

. It is suitable to introduce the dimensionless length:.

From the Poisson equation: (

—the ion density) using (3) and (4) (), the equality of the ion and electron streams, we shall get:

Substituting from (3) we shall get the equality:

The equation (6) has the integral:

Hereinafter we will solve the Equation (7) in view of as well as assuming that

, i.e. we will consider the plasma of the singly-ionized xenon.

Let us explore the behavior of the second member of the equation (7) with these parameter values.

It can be seen from this figure that the equation (7) has meaning for all the values of y, if

According to the equation of the ideal gas condition, the temperature of the electron stream is the function of the axial coordinate:

The ion flow velocity is defined by means of the expression:

.

For the comparison of the ion-acoustic speed

() with the ion flow velocity the

on the longitudional coordinate.

The ion flow velocity increases and starts ranking over the value of the ion-acoustic speed even at small values of.

Let us calculate the density of the electron and ion charges in the acceleration gap. These values are shown in

It can be seen from

It should be mentioned that in the considered values range of the axial coordinate the coefficient of does not go to zero. The range related to the zero crossing of this coefficient needs the further exploration. Furthermore, the higher values the coefficient has (i.e.), the greater effect of the ion acceleration can be achieved.

Thus, the present work shows that basically it is theoretically possible to achieve the simultaneous electron and ion acceleration with the streams of particles with the opposite charges which coincide in the quantity and the direction. This circumstance is quite significant for the electrojet engines creation—the particles with the opposite charges leave the device in pairs which enables to avoid the charge accumulation in the accelerator.