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The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) introduced a new framework for analyzing social–ecological systems that has had wide… Expand A major problem worldwide is the potential loss of fisheries, forests, and water resources. Understanding of the processes that… Expand Dead zones in the coastal oceans have spread exponentially since the 1960s and have serious consequences for ecosystem… Expand The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of… Expand Land use has generally been considered a local environmental issue, but it is becoming a force of global importance. Worldwide… Expand There is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate change, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine… Expand All ecosystems are exposed to gradual changes in climate, nutrient loading, habitat fragmentation or biotic exploitation. Nature… Expand Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including… Expand The evolving concept of ecosystem management k tie focus of much current debate To clartfi discussion and provide a framework for… Expand Forest systems cover more than 4.1 x 109 hectares of the Earth's land area. Globally, forest vegetation and soils contain about… Expand