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Dark septate endophytes: a review of facultative biotrophic root-colonizing fungi.
The current literature on DSE and the ecology is reviewed, the need for and direction of future research are discussed, and clear generalizations on their ecological role are drawn.
The Ascomycota tree of life: a phylum-wide phylogeny clarifies the origin and evolution of fundamental reproductive and ecological traits.
A 6-gene, 420-species maximum-likelihood phylogeny of Ascomycota, the largest phylum of Fungi, and a phylogenetic informativeness analysis of all 6 genes and a series of ancestral character state reconstructions support a terrestrial, saprobic ecology as ancestral are presented.
Out of the Palaeotropics? Historical biogeography and diversification of the cosmopolitan ectomycorrhizal mushroom family Inocybaceae
The Inocybaceae initially diversified no later than the Cretaceous in Palaeotropical settings, in association with angiosperms, and accelerated during the Palaeogene in north and south temperate regions, whereas several relictual lineages persisted in the tropics.
Multiple origins of sequestrate fungi related to Cortinarius (Cortinariaceae).
Results show that sequestrate basidiome forms occur in all three major ectomycorrhizal lineages of Cortinariaceae: the clades Cortinarius, Hebeloma/Hymenogaster/Naucoria, and Descolea; and emergent, secotioid, and gastroid forms have evolved independently from each other, and so are not necessarily intermediate forms.
Hypogeous fungal production in mature Douglas-fir forest fragments and surrounding plantations and its relation to coarse woody debris and animal mycophagy
Overall analysis of presence/absence of truffles using log-linear models revealed that CWD and mature forest status of stands each significantly influence truffle occurrence.
Ectomycorrhizal fungi in Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations in southern Brazil
The results of the study show that species richness of EMF in Brazil is higher than previously demonstrated.
Global diversity and distribution of macrofungi
The estimates developed in this study are consistent with a hypothesis of high overall fungal species diversity and are in line with a calculated estimate of between 53,000 and 110,000 macrofungal species derived using plant/macrofungAL species ratio data.
Ecosystem properties and microbial community changes in primary succession on a glacier forefront
- R. Ohtonen, H. Fritze, T. Pennanen, A. Jumpponen, J. Trappe
- Environmental ScienceOecologia
- 1 May 1999
This study suggests that during the early stages of succession the microbial community cannot incorporate all the added substrate into its biomass, but rapidly increases its respiration, and the later-stage microbial community remains in an “energy-saving state,” accumulating C to its biomass.
Patterns of Ectomycorrhizal Host Specificity and Potential among Pacific Northwest Conifers and Fungi