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Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least… Expand This paper reviews and evaluates the current state of knowledge on the direct effects of terrestrial runoff on (1) the growth and… Expand The worldwide decline of coral reefs calls for an urgent reassessment of current management practices. Confronting large-scale… Expand The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened… Expand Degradation of coral reef ecosystems began centuries ago, but there is no global summary of the magnitude of change. We compiled… Expand This article identifies ecological goods and services of coral reef ecosystems, with special emphasis on how they are generated… Expand Many coral reefs have been degraded over the past two to three decades through a combination of human and natural disturbances… Expand Unprecedented development along tropical shorelines is causing severe degradation of coral reefs primarily from increases in… Expand Pseudoreplication is defined. as the use of inferential statistics to test for treatment effects with data from experiments where… Expand The commonly observed high diversity of trees in tropical rain forests and corals on tropical reefs is a nonequilibrium state… Expand