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The Symphyta has long been recognized as a paraphyletic grade forming the base of the remaining Hymenopteran, and the superfamily… Expand The Pamphilioidea represents a small superfamily of the phytophagous suborder Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Here, nearly complete… Expand Abstract The wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus, is a major pest of wheat and key ecological player in the grasslands of western… Expand The Symphyta is traditionally accepted as a paraphyletic group located in a basal position of the order Hymenoptera. Herein, we… Expand Abstract The mitochondrial genome sequence of Tenthredo tienmushana (Takeuchi, 1940) (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) (GenBank… Expand Mitochondrial genes in animals are especially useful as molecular markers for the reconstruction of phylogenies among closely… Expand Molecular characters are analysed on their own and in combination with morphological data to examine the phylogenetic… Expand The first simultaneous analysis of molecular and morphological data of basal hymenopterans that includes exemplars from all… Expand Abstract The skeleto-musculature of the metathorax and first abdominal segment was studied in representatives from all ’symphytan… Expand —The skeleto-musculature of the mesofurca and the mesopostnotum is examined in Hymenoptera. Character systems based on internal… Expand