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Clostridium difficile is a Gram-positive, spore-forming obligate anaerobe and a major nosocomial pathogen of worldwide concern… Expand Most pathogens enter the body through mucosal surfaces. Mucosal immunization, a non-invasive needle-free route, often stimulates… Expand In nature, yeasts are subject to predation by flies of the genus Drosophila. In response to nutritional starvation Saccharomyces… Expand SUMMARY Many Proteobacteria use the chaperone/usher pathway to assemble proteinaceous filaments on the bacterial surface. These… Expand A number of mechanisms are responsible for the resistance of spores of Bacillus species to heat, radiation and chemicals and for… Expand Spores of Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, possess an exosporium. As the outer surface layer of these mature… Expand ABSTRACT The spore coat protein CotA of Bacillus subtilisdisplays similarities with multicopper oxidases, including manganese… Expand SUMMARY In response to starvation, bacilli and clostridia undergo a specialized program of development that results in the… Expand The enzymatic formation of glycosidic bonds may be catalyzed by the transfer of the glycosyl moiety from an activated nucleotide… Expand