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Chloroplast function is orchestrated by the organelle's intricate architecture. By combining cryo-focused ion beam milling of… Expand Significance The entry of inorganic carbon (Ci; CO2 and HCO3–) into cells involves many biological processes in both animals and… Expand VIPP1 is a protein conserved among photosynthetic organisms. Although the precise role in chloroplasts remains unclear, VIPP1 has… Expand Two envelope membranes delimit plastids, the defining organelles of plant cells. The inner and outer envelope membranes are… Expand In chloroplasts, several water-soluble carbohydrates have been suggested to act as stress protectants. The trisaccharide… Expand C4 plants have up to 10-fold higher apparent CO2 assimilation rates than the most productive C3 plants. This requires higher… Expand Although ions play important roles in the cell and chloroplast metabolism, little is known about ion transport across the… Expand Electroneutral monovalent cation/proton antiport across the chloroplast envelope has been shown previously to have an important… Expand The galactolipid, phospholipid, and fatty acid composition of chloroplast envelope membrane fractions isolated from leaves of… Expand 1. In intact leaves of Elodea densa illumination resulted in a large increase in the levels of chloroplastic and cytoplasmic ATP… Expand