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The midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) organizes basic survival behavior, which includes respiration. How the PAG controls… Expand Lesion or pharmacological manipulation of the dorsolateral pons can transform the breathing pattern to apneusis (pathological… Expand In vivo mammalian preparations can exhibit eupnea, apneusis and gasping. In vitro mammalian preparations exhibit only a single… Expand Apneusis is a disturbance of respiratory rhythm characterized by severely prolonged inspiratory effort. It may occur after damage… Expand The parabrachial complex, also known as the pneumotaxic center or pontine respiratory group, has long been recognized as an… Expand Malfunction of inhibitory synaptic processes in the brainstem result in abnormal prolonged inspiration (apneusis). Since we… Expand The involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors in the control of inspiratory termination was… Expand The interaction between the pulmonary afferents (PA) and the pneumotaxic center (PC) in control of respiratory pattern was… Expand Abstract Composition of end-tidal samples collected from the first expiration after resting apneusis and after deep or prolonged… Expand Apneustic breathing with respiration arrested in tonic inspiration is rare in man. Clinical reports of respiratory abnormalities… Expand