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Highlights • ATRA increased vaccine specific IgA in gut secretions to Vivotif but not Dukoral or Rotarix.• ATRA increased α4β7… Expand Typhoid Vaccine Live Oral Ty21a (Vivotif) is typically well tolerated, and adverse events are infrequent and mild. To the best of… Expand ABSTRACT Intravesical Bacillus-Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy can reduce recurrence/progression of non-muscle-invasive… Expand Gastrointestinal (GI) models that mimic physiological conditions in vitro are important tools for developing and optimizing… Expand Young children are very susceptible to typhoid fever, emphasizing the need for vaccination in under five age groups. The… Expand The attenuated Salmonella typhi strain Ty21a is the main constituent of Vivotif®, the only attenuated live oral vaccine against… Expand BACKGROUND
Concerns have been expressed that in travelers the efficacy of the live oral Ty21a typhoid vaccine Vivotif could be… Expand BACKGROUND
Several live attenuated vaccines against bacterial enteric pathogens have recently been licensed. These include the… Expand