Sphincter

A ring-shaped muscle that relaxes or tightens to open or close a passage or opening in the body. Examples are the anal sphincter (around the opening… (More)
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

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Highly Cited
2007
Highly Cited
2007
OBJECTIVE To describe a new technique for fistula-in-ano surgery aimed at total sphincter preservation, and evaluate the… (More)
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Highly Cited
2006
Highly Cited
2006
PURPOSE In 1992, preoperative radiotherapy was considered in France as the standard treatment for T3-4 rectal cancers. The… (More)
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Highly Cited
2004
Highly Cited
2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim was to verify whether preoperative conventionally fractionated chemoradiation offers an advantage… (More)
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Highly Cited
2003
Highly Cited
2003
The Laparoscopic approach has been applied to colorectal surgery for many years; however, there are only a few reports on… (More)
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Highly Cited
1999
Highly Cited
1999
PURPOSE To evaluate the rates of tumor downstaging after preoperative chemoradiation for locally advanced rectal cancer… (More)
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Highly Cited
1999
Highly Cited
1999
BACKGROUND Belching has been proposed as a major mechanism underlying acid gastro-oesophageal reflux in normal subjects. However… (More)
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Highly Cited
1996
Highly Cited
1996
BACKGROUND Endoscopic sphincterotomy is commonly used to remove bile-duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively… (More)
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Highly Cited
1994
Highly Cited
1994
OBJECTIVES To determine (i) risk factors in the development of third degree obstetric tears and (ii) the success of primary… (More)
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Highly Cited
1993
Highly Cited
1993
BACKGROUND Lacerations of the anal sphincter or injury to sphincter innervation during childbirth are major causes of fecal… (More)
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Highly Cited
1988
Highly Cited
1988
We evaluated the ability of low doses of botulinum A toxin, an inhibitor of acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction… (More)
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