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Sex Chromosomes

Known as: Gonosome, Chromosome, Sex, Chromosomes, Sex 
The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in… Expand
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

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Highly Cited
2008
Highly Cited
2008
In therian mammals (placentals and marsupials), sex is determined by an XX female: XY male system, in which a gene (SRY) on the Y… Expand
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Review
2007
Review
2007
X chromosome inactivation is most commonly studied in the context of female mammalian development, where it performs an essential… Expand
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Highly Cited
2005
Highly Cited
2005
In female mammals, most genes on one X chromosome are silenced as a result of X-chromosome inactivation. However, some genes… Expand
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Review
2004
Review
2004
In birds and mammals, differences in development between the sexes arise from the differential actions of genes that are encoded… Expand
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Highly Cited
2004
Highly Cited
2004
Many diverse systems for sex determination have evolved in plants and animals. One involves physically distinct (heteromorphic… Expand
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Highly Cited
2004
Highly Cited
2004
In mammalian spermatogenesis, the X and Y chromosomes are transcriptionally silenced during the pachytene stage of meiotic… Expand
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Highly Cited
2003
Highly Cited
2003
During meiotic prophase in male mammals, the X and Y chromosomes condense to form a macrochromatin body, termed the sex, or XY… Expand
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Highly Cited
2002
Highly Cited
2002
We tested the hypothesis that genes encoded on the sex chromosomes play a direct role in sexual differentiation of brain and… Expand
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Highly Cited
1999
Highly Cited
1999
Human sex chromosomes evolved from autosomes. Nineteen ancestral autosomal genes persist as differentiated homologs on the X and… Expand
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Review
1996
Review
1996
In many species, sex is determined by a system based on X and Y chromosomes, the latter having lost much of their genetic… Expand
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