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Wolbachia are common intracellular bacteria that are found in arthropods and nematodes. These alphaproteobacteria endosymbionts… Expand Summary: A major innate defense system in invertebrates is the melanization of pathogens and damaged tissues. This important… Expand It is curious to see how difficult it is for the limnologists of North America and Europe to acquire a thorough knowledge of each… Expand Summary: Gene‐encoded anti‐microbial peptides (AMPs) are widespread in nature, as they are synthesized by microorganisms as well… Expand When epidermal growth factor and its relatives bind the ErbB family of receptors, they trigger a rich network of signalling… Expand ▪ Abstract Movement between discrete habitat patches can present significant challenges to organisms. Freshwater invertebrates… Expand The melanization reaction, which is a common response to parasite entry in invertebrate animals, especially arthropods, is due to… Expand We describe "universal" DNA primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of a 710-bp fragment of the mitochondrial… Expand SUMMARY Available literature on the ecological and toxicological aspects of mercury (Hg) in the environment, with special… Expand 1. In analysing the ecological conditions of an animal population we have above all to focus our attention upon the most… Expand