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Henry Classification System

The Henry Classification System is a long-standing method by which fingerprints are sorted by physiological characteristics for one-to-many searching… Expand
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Review
2019
Review
2019
Because of its flexibility, intuitiveness, and expressivity, the graph edit distance (GED) is one of the most widely used… Expand
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Review
2016
Review
2016
This formula was designed to discover and analyze the compatibility/incompatibility of individuals and groups of individuals… Expand
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2015
2015
Fingerprints have been used to identify criminals in the UK since the beginning of the 20 th century, with 1901 marking the… Expand
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Review
2015
Review
2015
............................................................................................................................................................ II TABLE OF CONTENTS .................................................................................................................................... III LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................................................................... V CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 CONTEXT ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 BIOMETRICS ................................................................................................................................................................. 2 1.3 LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................................................................................................... 3 1.4 METHODS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 8 1.4.1 Historical Methods ............................................................................................................................................. 9 1.4.3 Critical Making .................................................................................................................................................. 12 1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 14 1.6 PROJECT DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................................... 14 CHAPTER 2 ORIGIN STORIES .................................................................................................................... 17 2.1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................... 17 2.2 BIOMETRICS IN NINETEENTH CENTURY CULTURE .................................................................................... 17 2.2.1 Science and Pudd’nhead Wilson ........................................................................................................... 19 2.2.2 The Narrative of Identity ............................................................................................................................. 21 2.2.3 Biometrics and Difference .......................................................................................................................... 22 2.3 BIOMETRICS IN NINETEENTH CENTURY SCIENCE ..................................................................................... 24 2.3.1 Criminal Anthropology in Europe ........................................................................................................... 24 2.3.2 Criminal Anthropology in the United States .................................................................................... 25 2.4 BIOMETRICS IN NINETEENTH CENTURY INFORMATION SYSTEMS ...................................................... 27 2.4.1 Bertillonage ......................................................................................................................................................... 27 2.4.2 Critiques of Bertillonage .............................................................................................................................. 29 2.4.3 The Henry Classification System ........................................................................................................... 31 2.4.4 The Spread of the Henry Classification System ........................................................................... 32 2.5 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................................................ 33 CHAPTER 3 BIOMETRICS AND THE STATE .......................................................................................... 35 3.1 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................... 35 3.2 FEDERAL SPONSORSHIP OF BIOMETRIC INITIATIVES ............................................................................... 36 3.3 CENTRALIZING AND COORDINATING BIOMETRIC INITIATIVES ............................................................... 37 3.4 BIOMETRICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY ......................................................................................................... 38 3.5 BIOMETRICS AND UNCERTAINTY ...................................................................................................................... 40 3.6 ADVANCING FACIAL RECOGNITION ................................................................................................................. 42 3.6.1 The Face Recognition Technology Program (FERET) ............................................................. 44 3.6.2 The Facial Recognition Vendor Test (FRVT) 2000 ..................................................................... 45 3.7 BRINGING FACIAL RECOGNITION TO THE PUBLIC: SUPER BOWL XXXV ......................................... 46 3.8 RESPONSES TO THE PROJECT .......................................................................................................................... 48 3.8.1 Supporters Respond ..................................................................................................................................... 49 3.8.2 Detractors Respond ...................................................................................................................................... 49 3.8.3 The General Public Responds ................................................................................................................ 50 3.9 THE RISE OF PRIVACY .......................................................................................................................................... 52 iv 3.10 CONCLUSION ......................................................................................................................................................... 53 CHAPTER 4 BIOMETRICS AND PRIVACY ............................................................................................... 55 4.1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................................ 55 4.2 THE FALL OF PRIVACY .......................................................................................................................................... 56 4.2.1 Privacy Before 9/11 ....................................................................................................................................... 56 4.2.2 Privacy After 9/11 ........................................................................................................................................... 57 4.3 BIOMETRICS AFTER 9/11 ..................................................................................................................................... 58 4.4 THE PRIVACY CHALLENGE .................................................................................................................................. 60 4.5 THE PRIVACY OPPORTUNITY ............................................................................................................................. 62 4.5.1 Legislation ........................................................................................................................................................... 62 4.5.2 Industry Policies ............................................................................................................................................... 63 4.5.3 Technologizing Privacy ............................................................................................................................... 64 4.6 GROUPS AND PRIVACY ........................................................................................................................................ 65 4.6.1 Rights and Groups ......................................................................................................................................... 66 4.6.2 Rights, Groups, and Critical Making .................................................................................................... 67 4.7 MAKING ....................................................................................................................................................................... 68 4.7.1 Design Prompts ............................................................................................................................................... 68 4.7.2 Design Strategies ........................................................................................................................................... 69 4.7.3 The Blinking Eye ............................................ 
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2012
2012
iometric identification techniques are applied to identify an individual on the basis of an individual’s characteristics (both… Expand
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2012
2012
Fingerprints are considered as the most widely accepted biometric feature for uniquely identify a person in the field of… Expand
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2011
2011
Klasifikasi sidik jari berdasarkan Henry Classification Sysfem merupakan sistem klasifikasi yang paling banyak digunakan di… Expand
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2007
2007
This paper presents an analysis of the quality of the image, minutiae count, and overall performance of fingerprint images based… Expand
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1993
1993
Currently the task of classifying fingerprints consumes much time and labour by trained fingerprint technicians. Manual… Expand
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