Hammer Toe

Known as: Toes, Hammer, Hammertoe, Hammer toes 
Hyperextension of the metatarsal-phalangeal joint with hyperflexion of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint. [pmid:19125433]
National Institutes of Health

Papers overview

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2009
2009
BACKGROUND Multiple factors may contribute to hammer toe deformity at the metatarsophalangeal joint. The purposes of this study… (More)
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Review
2009
Review
2009
BACKGROUND Lesser toe surgery is among the most conducted interventions in general orthopedic practice. However, the definitions… (More)
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2008
2008
The plantar plate provides a substantial static support for the lesser metatarsophalangeal joints. Insufficiency involving tear… (More)
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Highly Cited
2005
Highly Cited
2005
Elevated plantar foot pressures during gait in diabetic patients with neuropathy have been suggested to result, among other… (More)
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Highly Cited
2003
Highly Cited
2003
Various foot structures are thought to influence forefoot plantar pressures during walking. High peak plantar pressures (PPP… (More)
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2002
2002
In hammer toe correction by means of digital fusion, fixation so that the bone can unite while maintaining appropriate… (More)
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Highly Cited
1998
Highly Cited
1998
BACKGROUND A comprehensive understanding of clinical risk factors for developing foot ulcerations would help clinicians to… (More)
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1997
1997
We studied a 25-year-old black woman with healthy parents and her 2-year, 11-month-old son. Her motor development was delayed and… (More)
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Highly Cited
1993
Highly Cited
1993
Given that 14 million Americans have diabetes [1], the common complications of this disorder, such as foot ulcers and lower… (More)
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1989
1989
We sought to determine the optimum surgical treatment of claw and hammer toes (except for the hallux) on the basis of the… (More)
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