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Preface Part I. Foundations of Research 1. Science, Schooling, and Educational Research Learning About the Educational World The… Expand Most tasks require a person or an automated system to reason -- to reach conclusions based on available information. The… Expand The core methods in today's econometric toolkit are linear regression for statistical control, instrumental variables methods for… Expand Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models is a comprehensive manual for the applied researcher who wants… Expand Part 1: Social Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Text Analysis 1. Introduction 2. Texts, Social Events, and Social Practices 3… Expand There occurs on some occasions a difficulty in deciding the direction of causality between two related variables and also whether… Expand Theory The Role of Theory in Doing Case Studies What is the Case Study Method? What is the Role of Theory in Doing Case Studies… Expand Given incomplete factor markets, appropriate time paths of flow variables must be chosen to build required stocks of assets. That… Expand Evidence is reviewed which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive… Expand A discussion of matching, randomization, random sampling, and other methods of controlling extraneous variation is presented. The… Expand