FAQ Question

How does Semantic Scholar calculate citation counts?

Semantic Scholar automatically identifies citing papers for each publication based on the data available in our corpus. Note: Published academic articles and preprints  are our primary focus. Book coverage is very limited and patents are not included. Because of this, you may notice differences in counts when comparing against other websites.

Our site features over two billion citations and we’re continuously working to add citation data through enhanced PDF extraction models and publisher partnerships. With new content added on a daily basis, citation counts will continue to increase.