glycine betaine biosynthetic process from choline
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa can acquire and metabolize a variety of molecules including choline, an abundant host-derived molecule. In… Expand Choline is an essential nutrient, but is also formed by de novo synthesis. Choline and its derivatives serve as components of… Expand Abstract The present review summarises the potential nutritional and physiological functions of betaine as a feed additive in… Expand Deficiency of choline and methionine produces hepatic steatosis similar to that seen with ethanol, and supplementation with these… Expand Plants synthesize betaine by a two-step oxidation of choline (choline --> betaine aldehyde --> betaine). Protoplast-derived… Expand The possible physiological role of betaine, the oxidative product of choline, is considered. It is proposed that betaine, instead… Expand An enzymatic method, previously used to determine choline-containing phospholipids in serum, was applied to the estimation of… Expand Abstract Although choline has proven useful in the treatment of neurological disorders, its duration of action is limited by its… Expand The ingestion of ethanol (either acute or chronic) and a deficiency of dietary choline seem to have similar effects on the… Expand Nitrogen mustards at a concentration forty times the minimum lethal dose inhibited the respiration of all tissues studied but… Expand