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BackgroundRecently, khat chewing has become a common practice among high school, college, and university students. Regular khat… Expand Morphine is the most potent analgesic for chronic pain, but its clinical use has been limited by the opiate’s innate tendency to… Expand ObjectivesE-cigarettes are increasingly popular as smoking cessation aids. This review assessed the efficacy of e-cigarettes for… Expand INTRODUCTION
The aim of the current study was to evaluate smoking cessation outcome, nicotine withdrawal symptoms, and craving… Expand AIMS
To (1) estimate predictors of first- versus second-generation electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) choice; and (2) determine… Expand BACKGROUND
Cigarette craving usually occurs in conjunction with unpleasant feelings, including stress, as part of a withdrawal… Expand INTRODUCTION
Smoking during pregnancy is common, and quitting at any point during pregnancy can yield benefits to both the fetus… Expand Yulangsan polysaccharide (YLSP) has been utilized as a phytomedicine to managing nervous dysfunction in China. Thus, this study… Expand The possibility that pain perception and processing in the CNS results in cellular stress and may influence heat shock protein… Expand The present study tested the hypothesis that the short, low activity variant of a biallelic polymorphism in the 5' regulatory… Expand