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To understand the genetic heterogeneity underlying developmental delay, we compared copy number variants (CNVs) in 15,767… Expand Obstructive sleep apnea is a chronic condition characterized by frequent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep. Its… Expand Neural crest cells are a migratory cell population that give rise to the majority of the cartilage, bone, connective tissue, and… Expand Craniofacial anomalies, and in particular cleft lip and palate, are major human birth defects with a worldwide frequency of 1 in… Expand Connexin(Cx)43 is the major gap junction protein present in osteoblasts. We have shown that overexpression of Cx45 in osteoblasts… Expand There is growing evidence that implicates a role for Sonic hedgehog (SHH) in morphogenesis of the craniofacial complex. Mutations… Expand Signalling by the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily of proteins depends on the phosphorylation and activation of… Expand The cytosolic protein APAF1, human homolog of C. elegans CED-4, participates in the CASPASE 9 (CASP9)-dependent activation of… Expand A broad spectrum of biological activities has been proposed for transforming growth factor–β3(TGF–β 3). To study TGF–β3function… Expand When two small doses of ethanol were administered to pregnant mice during the gastrulation stage of embryogenesis, the embryos… Expand