the lWDs-10 J : reliability and validity of the lebanon Waterpipe Dependence scale among University students in

  • Primack, Khabour, +4 authors Eissenberg
  • Published 2014
introduction: While the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS-11) has shown promise in assessing dependence on water pipe tobacco smoking (WTS) in Lebanon among adult users, it would be valuable to identify WTS addiction earlier and to explore reliability and validity of these items in other populations. Methods: In 2010–2012, we conducted a multiyear… (More)