the conceptual history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: idiocy, imbecility, encephalitis and the child deviant, 1877?1929

  title={the conceptual history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: idiocy, imbecility, encephalitis and the child deviant, 1877?1929},
  author={A. A. Rafalovich},
  journal={Deviant Behavior},
  pages={115 - 93}
This article examines the medical discourse that formed the foundations of what mental health professionals today call Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The article examines literature from two medical discussions: 1) the discussion of "imbecility" and "idiocy" in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Western Europe and in the United States; and 2) the diagnosis of encephalitis lethargica in children during the 1920s. The diagnosis of encephalitis lethargica was heavily… Expand
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Australia: Perspectives from the sociology of deviance
Over the last twenty years, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become one of the most diagnosed childhood disorders in the western world. Research within the disciplines ofExpand
Who says this is a modern disorder? The early history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
The present report aimed at exploring the early history of ADHD, prior to the 20(th) century in the medical literature and in other historical sources, to provide clinicians, researchers and other professionals with a better understanding of the roots and current conceptualization of this disorder. Expand
Historical and diagnostic trajectory of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a literature review Trajetória histórica e diagnóstica do transtorno de déficit de atenção e hiperatividade (TDAH): uma revisão da literatura
The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), considered a common cause of disorders in children and adolescents, is a neuro­ biological condition characterized by inattention andExpand
The history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
An overview of the conceptual history of modern-day ADHD is presented and detailed studies of the behavior of hyperactive children and increasing knowledge of brain function have changed the concepts of the fundamental behavioral and neuropathological deficits underlying the disorder. Expand
Suffer the restless children: the evolution of ADHD and paediatric stimulant use, 1900—80
This article traces the historical evolution of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the controversial use of stimulants as a treatment for children diagnosed with the disorder inExpand
Roy Porter Student Essay Prize WinnerPsychiatry Limited: Hyperactivity and the Evolution of American Psychiatry, 1957–1980
This paper argues that the notion that hyperactivity was a neurological condition only emerged after vigorous debate during the 1960s between three competing fields within American psychiatry: specifically psychoanalysis, social psychiatry and biological psychiatry. Expand
Revisiting medicalization: ADHD and low SES in Australia
Past studies that link lower socio-economic status with greater ADHD diagnosis and psychostimulant treatment in Australia are reviewed and Conrad's (2007) vision of the medicalization thesis is considered as a means to explain differences in the relationship between sociological status and ADHD in these two nations. Expand
History of attention-deicit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Introduction Historians recognize that there are many diferent forms of historical investigation [2]. However, Hume’s dictum reminds us that a truly scientiic history of ADHD has yet to be written;Expand
[Children, standardization and mental health: historical figures and current chains of thought in the clinical diagnosis of attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity].
  • E. Bianchi
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Historia, ciencias, saude--Manguinhos
  • 2015
The article describes and analyzes the behavioral and neurological aspects that bring together discussions on attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity and outlines some historical conceptualExpand
Sons and daughters beyond your control: episodes in the prehistory of the attention deficit/hyperactivity syndrome
  • P. Foley
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
  • 2014
The ‘prehistory’ of the ADHD concept—that is, up to the definition of ADHD in DSM-III and of the corresponding ‘hyperkinetic disorder’ in ICD-9—is outlined, with an emphasis on the literature not previously discussed in English language reviews of the subject. Expand


The object of the clinical study here presented is to analyze the initial symptoms and signs in those cases of epidemic encephalitis which terminated in behavior disorders, and to determine relationships, if possible, between the behavior and the sex, age, type and time of onset. Expand
Book Review: The Myth of the Hyperactive Child (and Other Means of Child Control)
those who deny the existence of the syndrome. The Myth of the Hyperactive Child (and Other Means of Child Control), by Peter Schrag and Diane Divoky (New York: Pantheon, 1975, 285 pp., $10 inExpand
Identifying hyperactive children: The medicalization of deviant behavior
Contents: Series Editor's Preface Introduction to the expanded edition Foreword to the original edition, Mark A. Stewart Preface to the original edition Introduction: sociology, illness, and deviantExpand
ADHD and The Nature of Self-Control
ADHD and The Nature of Self-Control Russell A. Barkley. New York: The Guilford Press ( 1997, 410 pp., $42.00 (hardcover). Russell Barkley has been among the most productive andExpand
Attention Deficit Disorder Misdiagnosis: Approaching ADD from a Brain-Behavior/Neuropsychological Perspective for Assessment and Treatment
Understanding Attention Deficit Disorder from a Theoretical Perspective Defining Attention Manifestations and Consequences of Attentional Deficit Anatomical Structures Implicated in the DisorderExpand
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment
Part I: The Nature of ADHD. Barkley, History. Barkley, Primary Symptoms, Diagnostic Criteria, Prevalence, and Gender Differences. Barkley, Associated Cognitive, Developmental, and Health Problems.Expand
Magnetic resonance imaging measurement of the caudate nucleus in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and its relationship with neuropsychological and behavioral measures.
The larger caudate nucleus found in the ADHD group could be related to a failure of the maturational processes that normally result in volume reduction, and provide further evidence of the involvement of the caUDate nucleus in the neuropsychological deficits and behavioral problems found in ADHD. Expand
The discovery of hyperkinesis: notes on the medicalization of deviant behavior.
  • P. Conrad
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Social problems
  • 1975
The increasing medicalization of deviant behavior and social control is seen in the way hyperkinesis, a medical label for certain deviant behaviors in children, has become prevalent in recent years.Expand
The hyperactivity hoax
The Hyperactivity Hoax," neuropsychiatrist Dr. Sydney Walker cogently explores the medical minefield of hyperactivity and helps parents arrive at safe, effective answers for their children, without unnecessarily drugging them with potentially dangerous mind-altering medicine. Expand
The Sociology of Mental Illness
I. MENTAL ILLNESS AND SOCIAL FORCES: AN OVERVIEW. 1. Mental Illness and Society. 2. Concepts, Definitions and Types of Mental Illness: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. 3. Environmental Theories ofExpand