the “real” Haitian Creole: ideology, metalinguistics, and orthographic choice

@article{Schieffelin1994theH,
  title={the “real” Haitian Creole: ideology, metalinguistics, and orthographic choice},
  author={Bambi B. Schieffelin and Rachelle Charlier Doucet},
  journal={American Ethnologist},
  year={1994},
  volume={21},
  pages={176-200}
}
This article analyzes competing representations of kreyol and the symbolic importance of decisions taken in standardizing a kreyol orthography. Kreyol, which educated Haitians claim to share with the masses, is an enduring symbol of Haitian identity, yet the image of this language is deeply contested in several arenas. Linking language ideology, in particular metalinguistic terms that refer to varieties of spoken kreyol, to orthographic choice, we view the debates as part of a nationalist… 
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