ritual form and permutation in New Guinea: implications of symbolic process for socio‐political evolution

@article{Knauft1985ritualFA,
  title={ritual form and permutation in New Guinea: implications of symbolic process for socio‐political evolution},
  author={Bruce M. Knauft},
  journal={American Ethnologist},
  year={1985},
  volume={12},
  pages={321-340}
}
  • B. Knauft
  • Published 1985
  • Sociology
  • American Ethnologist
Ritual and religion have had an important impact upon political dynamics and societal size in many Melanesian societies, especially prior to Western influence. In the Strickland-Bosavi area, the rituals of several societies appear as structural transformations of one another, but with crucial pragmatic differences. Ritual belief helped preclude some intergroup contacts, while facilitating others to the point of cultural amalgamation and political expansion. Religious and symbolic processes must… Expand
Ritual Control and Transformation in Middle-Range Societies: An Example from the American Southwest
Abstract Ritual practices play an important role in the constitution and reproduction of social structures in middle-range societies. Oftentimes individuals and groups transform rituals duringExpand
The pig and the long yam: the expansion of a sepik cultural complex
That human communities cannot be treated as a mosaic of isolated cultural permutations has been realized for some time. Rather, they are embedded in larger systems of relations which increasinglyExpand
Initiating Change in Highland Ethiopia: Causes and Consequences of Cultural Transformation
Initiating Change in Highland Ethiopia: Causes and Consequences of Cultural Transformation. By Dena Freeman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. x, 180; 3 maps, 6 figures, 10 b/wExpand
The question of Ritualised homosexuality among the Kiwai of South New Guinea
Gilbert Herdt to designate institutionalised sexual practices among men docu mented in a range of pre-colonial Melanesian societies. These homosexual customs were typically implemented throughExpand
Women, Pigs, God and Evolution: Social and Economic Change Among Kubo People of Papua New Guinea
This paper depicts connections and interactions between several apparently disparate themes of change observed in recent years at a village in the interior lowlands of Western Province, Papua NewExpand
What Ever Happened to Ritualized Homosexuality? Modern Sexual Subjects in Melanesia and Elsewhere
  • B. Knauft
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Annual review of sex research
  • 2003
TLDR
The legacy of ritualized homosexuality as a behavioral practice and as an analytic category of research in Melanesia since the early 1980s is examined to reveal linkage between the contemporary construction of heterosexual norms and desires for locally modern development and progress. Expand
Female spirit cults as a window on gender relations in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.
Early writings on male cults in the highlands of Papua New Guinea tended to stress the exclusion of women and the collective agency of men. Looking at a subset of these cults from the Western andExpand
Ethnographic parallels and the denial of history
Abstract An ever more Pacific-looking past of Britain and other parts of Europe is being constructed by archaeologists. Melanesian anthropology is being continually mined for supposed ethnographicExpand
The Transformation of Use-Rights: A Comparison of Two Papua New Guinean Societies
Use and ownership of land and resources in two related societies of lowland Papua New Guinea are shown to covary with residence, gender, marriage, kinship, and local understandings of rights that areExpand
Divergence between Cultural Success and Reproductive Fitness in Preindustrial Cities
Sociobiology is a term that continues to bristle with contention. For many cultural anthropologists, the term connotes a biological ideology of dangerous proportions-the masquerading of WesternExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
elders, chiefs, and Big Men: authority legitimation and political evolution in Melanesia
This paper provides, from an evolutionary perspective, a comparative typology of Melanesian political systems. The range covered extends from small-scale polities in which political action is deeplyExpand
Cargo Cults and Relational Separation
Colonial disruption of indigenous norms of equivalence has caused se vere cultural stress in Melanesia. Decrease of culture contact highlights Melanesian dependence on Westerners and increases theExpand
Ritual, Sanctity, and Cybernetics'
The role of the sacred in human communication and in the regulation of social and ecological systems is approached through ritual. After a brief review of salient features of Maring ethnography,Expand
Rank, power, authority: A reassessment of traditional leadership in South Pacific societies∗
investigation in particular Pacific societies and in Polynesia generally,1 there have been few attempts to produce general or theoretical analyses on a Pacific-wide basis. Those few depicted twoExpand
The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations
TLDR
A set of standards that the human ecosystem's most dramatic events are judged and the need for regulation evaluated, and the model used by the "cultural ecologists," for whom such opera­ tions as crop production make up the "core" of culture, while rituals and ancestral spirits are mere epiphenomena. Expand
Poor Man, Rich Man, Big-man, Chief: Political Types in Melanesia and Polynesia
With an eye to their own life goals, the native peoples of Pacific Islands unwittingly present to anthropologists a generous scientific gift: an extended series of experiments in cultural adaptationExpand
TRIBES AND INTERTRIBAL RELATIONS IN THE FLY HEADWATERS
TT has been noted frequently (cf., e.g., Vayda, 1966) how the ethnography of New •*Guinea exhibits both variety and uniformity : on the one hand, great local and regional variation in the forms ofExpand
Other Times, Other Customs: The Anthropology of History
The nature of institutions is nothing but their coming into being (nascimento) at certain times and in certain guises. Whenever the time and guise are thus and so, such and not otherwise are theExpand
Symbolic Consensus in a Fang Reformative Cult1
THE concepts of "consensus" and "symbol," like the proverb to non-literate peoples, appear to be for many students of human behavior work horses of theoretical discourse. Like the proverb, however,Expand
What's in a Name: The Meaning of Meaninglessness in Telefolmin
If there is one belief (however the facts resist it) that units us all, from the evangelists to those who argue away inconvenient partions of their txts, and those who spin large plots to accommodateExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...