Lupinus angustifolius and Lupinus pilosus differ substantially in root growth in response to high solution pH with L. angustifolius showing much greater sensitivity to pH above 6. This study examined the effect of pH above 6 on nodulation of these two species in buffered solution. Shoot weight and root weight and length in L. pilosus was not significantly affected by pH, whereas the growth of shoots and roots of L. angustifolius was markedly impaired by increasing pH. Total root length, the number of lateral roots, and the length of individual lateral roots were greatly decreased, resulting in decreased uptake of iron and phosphorus. In addition, L. angustifolius had a higher internal requirement for iron than L. pilosus. A solution pH above 6 decreased the number of nodule initials and nodules similarly in both species but decreased nodule mass much more in L. angustifolius. The effect of high pH on nodule formation occurred prior to that on host shoot growth. High pH also decreased nitrogen concentration and content in both species but to a greater extent for L. angustifolius. The results suggested that pH above 6 has a specific effect in the impairment of nodulation in lupins.