p38MAPK and MK2 pathways are important for the differentiation-dependent human papillomavirus life cycle.

@article{Satsuka2015p38MAPKAM,
  title={p38MAPK and MK2 pathways are important for the differentiation-dependent human papillomavirus life cycle.},
  author={Ayano Satsuka and Kavi P. M. Mehta and Laimonis Laimins},
  journal={Journal of virology},
  year={2015},
  volume={89 3},
  pages={1919-24}
}
Amplification of human papillomaviruses (HPV) is dependent on the ATM DNA damage pathway. In cells with impaired p53 activity, DNA damage repair requires the activation of p38MAPK along with MAPKAP kinase 2 (MK2). In HPV-positive cells, phosphorylation of p38 and MK2 proteins was induced along with relocalization to the cytoplasm. Treatment with MK2 or p38 inhibitors blocked HPV genome amplification, identifying the p38/MK2 pathway as a key regulator of the HPV life cycle.