p38 MAPK is involved in activin A- and hepatocyte growth factor-mediated expression of pro-endocrine gene neurogenin 3 in AR42J-B13 cells.

Abstract

Neurogenin3 (ngn3) is a transcription factor that is essential for the differentiation of pancreatic endocrine cells. To investigate the signaling pathway that regulates ngn3 expression, we used AR42J-B13 cells as a model of the differentiation of pancreatic islets. In these cells, treatment with activin A and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induced the expression of ngn3. Reporter gene analysis using human ngn3 gene (NEUROG3) promoter fragments of various lengths identified the region between -402 and -327 bp of NEUROG3 as an activin A- and HGF-responsive DNA sequence. This DNA sequence normally functions as a repressor in AR42J-B13 cells, but treatment with activin A and HGF negates the repressor activity. Interestingly, function of the activin A- and HGF-responsive sequence was not influenced by the overexpression of the Smad inhibitory factor, Smad7. Instead, activin A and HGF activation was inhibited by overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of transforming growth factor-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), or mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MKK3), or by treatment with a p38 MAPK-specific inhibitor, SB203580. Activin A and HGF function through the TAK1-MKK3-p38 MAPK pathway to relieve transcription repressors located between -402 and -326 bp on the NEUROG3 promoter, and consequently activate ngn3 expression and endocrine differentiation of AR42J-B13 cells.

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@article{Ogihara2003p38MI, title={p38 MAPK is involved in activin A- and hepatocyte growth factor-mediated expression of pro-endocrine gene neurogenin 3 in AR42J-B13 cells.}, author={Takeshi Ogihara and Hirotaka Watada and Rei Kanno and Fuki Ikeda and Takashi Nomiyama and Yasushi Tanaka and Atsuhito Nakao and Michael S . German and Itaru Kojima and Ryuzo Kawamori}, journal={The Journal of biological chemistry}, year={2003}, volume={278 24}, pages={21693-700} }