ommon Chronic Pain Conditions in Developed and Developing ountries: Gender and Age Differences and Comorbidity With epression-Anxiety Disorders

Abstract

Although there is a growing body of research concerning the prevalence and correlates of chronic pain conditions and their association with mental disorders, cross-national research on age and gender differences is limited. The present study reports the prevalence by age and gender of common chronic pain conditions (headache, back or neck pain, arthritis or joint pain, and other chronic pain) in 10 developed and 7 developing countries and their association with the spectrum of both depressive and anxiety disorders. It draws on data from 18 general adult population surveys using a common survey questionnaire (N 42,249). Results show that age-standardized prevalence of chronic pain conditions in the previous 12 months was 37.3% in developed countries and 41.1% in developing countries, with back pain and headache being somewhat more common in developing than developed countries. After controlling for comorbid chronic physical diseases, several findings were consistent across developing and developed countries. There was a higher prevalence of chronic pain conditions among females and older persons; and chronic pain was similarly associated with depression-anxiety spectrum disorders in developed and developing countries. However, the large majority of persons reporting chronic pain did not meet criteria for depression or anxiety disorder. We conclude that common pain conditions affect a large percentage of persons in both developed and developing countries.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Tsang2008ommonCP, title={ommon Chronic Pain Conditions in Developed and Developing ountries: Gender and Age Differences and Comorbidity With epression-Anxiety Disorders}, author={D Tsang and Michael Von Korff and Sing Lee and J Alonso and Elie George Karam and atthias C. Angermeyer and Guilherme Borges and Evelyn J. Bromet and iovanni de Girolamo and Ron de Graaf and Oye Gureje and J P L{\'e}pine and osep Maria Haro and Daphna Levinson and Mark A. Oakley Browne and Soraya Seedat and Makoto Watanabe}, year={2008} }