miR-6539 is a novel mediator of somatic cell reprogramming that represses the translation of Dnmt3b

Abstract

Global DNA hypomethylation has been shown to be involved in the pluripotency of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Relatedly, DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) are believed to be a substantial barrier to genome-wide demethylation. There are two distinct stages of DNMT expression during iPS cell generation. In the earlier stage of reprogramming, the expression of DNMTs is repressed to overcome epigenetic barriers. During the late stage, the expression of DNMTs is upregulated to ensure iPS cells obtain the full pluripotency required for further development. This fact is strongly reminiscent of microRNAs (miRNAs), critical regulators of precise gene expression, may be central to coordinate the expression of DNMTs during reprogramming. Using a secondary inducible system, we found that miR-6539 had a unique expression dynamic during iPS cell generation that inversely correlated with DNMT3B protein levels. Enforced upregulation of miR-6539 during the early stage of reprogramming increased the efficiency of iPS cell generation, while enforced downregulation impaired efficiency. Further analysis showed that Dnmt3b mRNA is the likely target of miR-6539. Notably, miR-6539 repressed Dnmt3b translation via a target site located in the coding sequence. Our study has therefore identified miR-6539 as a novel mediator of somatic cell reprogramming and, to the best of our knowledge, is the first to demonstrate miRNA-mediated translation inhibition in somatic cell reprogramming via targeting the coding sequence. Our study contributes to understand the mechanisms that underlie the miRNA-mediated epigenetic remodeling that occurs during somatic cell reprogramming.

DOI: 10.1262/jrd.2016-170

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Wu2017miR6539IA, title={miR-6539 is a novel mediator of somatic cell reprogramming that represses the translation of Dnmt3b}, author={Fujia Wu and Li Tao and Shuai Gao and Likun Ren and Zhuqing Wang and Shumin Wang and Jian-hui Tian and Lei An}, booktitle={The Journal of reproduction and development}, year={2017} }