l%zancing Public We! fare Programs

  • M Ilbur, Joanna E Cohen, J Frederic Dewhurst, Associates
  • Published 2000


M R. Justice Holmes has said that “it is often more important to emphasize the obvious than to elucidate the obscure.” Taking my cue from the learned Justice I am going to emphasize the obvious today because, like so many things in life that are obvious to one group but not to another, facts about public welfare that are obvious to us as workers in public welfare may be less clear to some others. The role of public welfare programs-one group in the constellation of social welfare programs-has undergone a tremendous change in the 25 years since the American Public Welfare Association was founded. This is the most obvious fact about public welfare financing. While expenditures under public aid programs (relief and assistance) in 1935 were equivalent to nearly 6 percent of our gross national product, today under the public assistance programs they are less than 1 percent. From 1935 to 1954, our gross national product increased 425 percent, while public aid expenditures declined by 32 percent. The decline in the costs of the public aid programs is attributable to the vastly improved economic conditions and employment opportunities and the increased importance of social and voluntary insurance protection. The rapid change taking place in our public and private programs often makes it difficult to view public

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ilbur2000lzancingPW, title={l%zancing Public We! fare Programs}, author={M Ilbur and Joanna E Cohen and J Frederic Dewhurst and Associates}, year={2000} }