Corpus ID: 16642373

exercise training in the fasted state Beneficial metabolic adaptations due to endurance

  title={exercise training in the fasted state Beneficial metabolic adaptations due to endurance},
  author={P. Hespel and K. V. Proeyen and K. Szlufcik and H. Nielens and M. Ramaekers},
those papers emphasizing adaptive and integrative mechanisms. It is published 12 times a year (monthly) by the American publishes original papers that deal with diverse areas of research in applied physiology, especially 
3 Citations

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Is exercise best served on an empty stomach?
There is evidence that overnight-fasted exercise in young, healthy men can enhance training-induced adaptations in skeletal muscle metabolic profile, and mitigate against the negative consequences of short-term excess energy intake on glucose tolerance compared with exercising in the fed-state. Expand
Carbohydrates for training and competition
Whether implementing additional “train-low” strategies to increase the training adaptation leads to enhanced performance in well-trained individuals is unclear. Expand
Leucine-enriched protein feeding does not impair exercise-induced free fatty acid availability and lipid oxidation: beneficial implications for training in carbohydrate-restricted states
It is concluded that leucine-enriched protein feeding does not impair FFA availability or whole body lipid oxidation during exercise, thus having practical applications for athletes who deliberately train in CHO-restricted states to promote skeletal muscle adaptations. Expand


Impact of carbohydrate supplementation during endurance training on glycogen storage and performance
Aim:  Glucose ingestion may improve exercise endurance, but it apparently also influences the transcription rate of several metabolic genes and it alters muscle metabolism during an acute exerciseExpand
Muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged strenuous exercise when fed carbohydrate.
It is concluded that when they are fed carbohydrate, highly trained endurance athletes are capable of oxidizing carbohydrate at relatively high rates from sources other than muscle glycogen during the latter stages of prolonged strenuous exercise and that this postpones fatigue. Expand
Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions
The molecular and cellular events that occur in skeletal muscle during exercise and subsequent recovery are reviewed, and the potential for nutrient supplementation to affect many of the adaptive responses to training is reviewed. Expand
Impact of a fat-rich diet on endurance in man: role of the dietary period.
Evaluating the effect of duration on the interaction between training and a fat-rich or a carbohydrate-rich diet on endurance performance showed that endurance performance was enhanced similarly after both 2 and 4 wk of adaptation to training. Expand
Effect of training in the fasted state on metabolic responses during exercise with carbohydrate intake.
Although there was a decrease in exercise-induced glycogen breakdown and an increase in proteins involved in fat handling after fasting training, fat oxidation during exercise with carbohydrate intake was not changed and fat oxidation rates during exercise were not altered by training. Expand
Adaptations to skeletal muscle with endurance exercise training in the acutely fed versus overnight-fasted state.
Minimising carbohydrate (CHO) status in the peri-training period may accelerate the training adaptations normally observed. The aim of this study was to compare adaptations to endurance trainingExpand
Effect of endurance training on hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis during prolonged exercise in men.
It is concluded that endurance training reduces both hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis during prolonged exercise in men, and training-induced adaptations in hepatic glucose metabolism were associated with an attenuated hormonal response to exercise. Expand
Training with low muscle glycogen enhances fat metabolism in well-trained cyclists.
Training with low muscle glycogen reduced training intensity and, in performance, was no more effective than training with high muscle glycogens, however, fat oxidation was increased after training with low Muscle glycogen, which may have been due to the enhanced metabolic adaptations in skeletal muscle. Expand
Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate loading compromises high-intensity sprint performance.
The HFD-CHO dietary strategy increased fat oxidation, but compromised high intensity sprint performance, possibly by increased sympathetic activation or altered contractile function. Expand
Glucose ingestion during endurance training does not alter adaptation.
It is concluded that glucose ingestion during training does not alter training adaptation related to substrate metabolism, mitochondrial enzyme activity, glycogen content, or performance. Expand