emasculinization of male fish by wastewater treatment plant effluent

  • lan M. Vajdaa, Larry B. Barberb, +4 authors David O. Norrisa
  • Published 2011
Adult male fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed to effluent from the City of Boulder, Colorado wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) under controlled conditions in the field to determine if the effluent induced reproductive disruption in fish. Gonadal intersex and other evidence of reproductive disruption were previously identified in white… (More)