dbSNP-database for single nucleotide polymorphisms and other classes of minor genetic variation.

  title={dbSNP-database for single nucleotide polymorphisms and other classes of minor genetic variation.},
  author={Stephen T. Sherry and Minghong Ward and Karl Sirotkin},
  journal={Genome research},
  volume={9 8},
A key aspect of research in genetics is associating sequence variations with heritable phenotypes. The most common variations are single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which occur approximately once every 500–1000 bases in a large sample of aligned human sequence. Because SNPs are expected to facilitate large-scale association genetics studies, there has recently been great interest in SNP discovery and detection. In collaboration with the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), the… 

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GenBank® is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for over 340 000 formally described species and integrates these records with a variety of other data including taxonomy nodes, genomes, protein structures, and biomedical journal literature in PubMed.