Inverse regulation of bridging integrator 1 and BCR-ABL1 in chronic myeloid leukemia
Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase activity is essential for the pathogenesis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). A number of Bcr-Abl substrates have been identified, but it is not clear which of these substrates are required for Bcr-Abl to transform cells. The multifunctional protein c-Cbl is one of the most prominently tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in Bcr-Abl-expressing cells. Using cell lines and mice with homozygous disruption of the c-CBL locus, we investigated the role of this protein for Bcr-Abl-driven transformation. We find that although c-Cbl−/− fibroblast cell lines show a deficit in Bcr-Abl transformation compared to wild-type (Wt) cells, this deficit was less pronounced in c-Cbl−/− B cells derived from murine bone marrow. Most importantly, in a transplantation model of CML, Bcr-Abl was capable of inducing fatal leukemia in mice in the absence of c-Cbl protein. Our results indicate that c-Cbl is dispensable for Bcr-Abl-induced leukemogenesis in mice.