ar X iv : 1 50 5 . 08 14 2 v 1 [ qu an t - ph ] 2 9 M ay 2 01 5 Experimental round - robin differential phase - shift quan - tum key distribution

Abstract

In conventional quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols, security is guaranteed by estimating the amount of leaked information through monitoring signal disturbance, which, in practice, is generally caused by environmental noise and device imperfections rather than eavesdropping. Such estimation therefore tends to overrate the amount of leaked information in practice, leads to a fundamental threshold of the bit error rate. The threshold becomes a bottleneck of the development of practical QKD systems. In classical communication, according to Shannon’s communication theory, information can transform through a noisy channel even if the background noise is very strong compare to the signal and hence the threshold of the bit error rate tends to 50%1. One might wonder whether a

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Li2015arXI, title={ar X iv : 1 50 5 . 08 14 2 v 1 [ qu an t - ph ] 2 9 M ay 2 01 5 Experimental round - robin differential phase - shift quan - tum key distribution}, author={Yu-Huai Li and Yuan Cao and Hui Dai and Julie Qiaojin Lin and Zhen Zhang and Wei Chen and Yu Xu and Jian-Yu Guan and Sheng-Kai Liao and Juan Yin and Qiang Zhang and Xiongfeng Ma and Cheng-Zhi Peng and Jian-Wei Pan}, year={2015} }