ac losses in a finite Z stack using an anisotropic homogeneous-medium approximation

Abstract

A finite stack of thin superconducting tapes, all carrying a fixed current I, can be approximated by an anisotropic superconducting bar with critical current density Jc = Ic/2aD, where Ic is the critical current of each tape, 2a is the tape width, and D is the tape-to-tape periodicity. The current density J must obey the constraint ∫ Jdx = I/D, where the tapes lie parallel to the x axis and are stacked along the z axis. We suppose that Jc is independent of field (Bean approximation) and look for a solution to the critical state for arbitrary height 2b of the stack. For c < |x| < a we have J = Jc, and for |x| < c the critical state requires that Bz = 0. We show that this implies ∂J/∂x = 0 in the central region. Setting c as a constant (independent of z) results in field profiles remarkably close to the desired one (Bz = 0 for |x| < c) as long as the aspect ratio b/a is not too small. We evaluate various criteria for choosing c, and we show that the calculated hysteretic losses depend only weakly on how c is chosen. We argue that for small D/a the anisotropic homogeneous-medium approximation gives a reasonably accurate estimate of the ac losses in a finite Z stack. The results for a Z stack can be used to calculate the transport losses in a pancake coil wound with superconducting tape. PACS numbers: 74.25.Sv,74.78.Bz,74.25.Op,74.25.Nf Submitted to: Institute of Physics Publishing Supercond. Sci. Technol. § To whom correspondence should be addressed. ac losses in a finite Z stack 2

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Clem2008acLI, title={ac losses in a finite Z stack using an anisotropic homogeneous-medium approximation}, author={John R. Clem and John H. Claassen and Yasunori Mawatari}, year={2008} }