ab 0 cd Understanding barter in Russia

@inproceedings{Commander1999ab0C,
  title={ab 0 cd Understanding barter in Russia},
  author={Simon Commander and Christian Mumssen},
  year={1999}
}
This paper analyses the incidence and growth of non-monetary transactions – barter, veksels, debt offsets, tax offsets and other money surrogates – in Russia. The empirical backbone of the paper is a survey of 350 predominantly industrial – firms, carried out in October and November 1998. The paper provides an analytical framework for understanding both firm-level incentives for using barter and the reasons for its phenomenal growth since 1993. Having examined some of the costs of Russia’s… CONTINUE READING