Zvi Avidov

Abstract

Zvi Avidov (born Henry Zvi Klein), emeritus professor of agricultural entomology, passed away on February 16, 1984. Avidov was born into an Orthodox Jewish family in Znin, Germany (Poland after World War I) on November 13, 1896. During his childhood the family moved to Berlin, where he received his primary and secondary education. While in high school he joined the 'Blau Weiss' Zionist youth movement which duly oriented him to agriculture as the first step toward the realization of his idealistic aspiration, namely, to immigrate to Palestine and become a farm laborer in the renascent Land of Israel. After some two years of practical work at the Steinhorst agricultural training farm near Hannover, Avidov was drafted in 1916 into the German Army and served for two years in the Signal Corps on both the Eastern and Western Fronts of World War I. Upon demobilization he returned to agriculture, but this time at the Technische Hochschule in Berlin. However, he could not wait to complete his university studies at this school, and in February 1921 Avidov arrived in Palestine to join a group of fervent young pioneers who sought employment as agricultural laborers in the newly established Zionist settlements in the Galilee and Sharon areas of the country. In 1923 Avidov accepted an offer by the late Prof. F.S. Bodenheimer to join him as a technician in his one-man Department of Entomology. This department had been opened a year earlier by the Palestine Zionist Executive (PZE) as part of the Agricultural Experiment Station which the PZE had founded in Tel Aviv in 1921. Avidov's first assignment there included outdoor ecological observations on insects in general, and field trials in the control of noxious species in particular. All these were carried out at the Ben Shemen farm, which served as one of the two field substations of the Tel Aviv center. In retrospect, it was quite audacious on the part of Bodenheimer and Avidov in 1922-23 to undertake rigorous entomological research, fashioned after the best German scientific and technological traditions, in an underdeveloped country like Palestine of the early 1920s. The country at that time did not have any electricity, let alone libraries, museums, minimum research

DOI: 10.1007/BF02981177

Cite this paper

@article{Harpaz2008ZviA, title={Zvi Avidov}, author={Idan Harpaz}, journal={Phytoparasitica}, year={2008}, volume={12}, pages={217-219} }