Zoraptera wing structures: evidence for new genera and relationship with the blattoid orders (Insecta: Blattoneoptera)

@article{KukalovPeck1993ZorapteraWS,
  title={Zoraptera wing structures: evidence for new genera and relationship with the blattoid orders (Insecta: Blattoneoptera)},
  author={Jarmila Kukalov{\'a}-Peck and Stewart B. Peck},
  journal={Systematic Entomology},
  year={1993},
  volume={18}
}
Abstract. The order Zoraptera has traditionally been thought to contain only one family (Zorotypidae) and one genus (Zorotypus Silvestri). An analysis of known zorapteran wings shows that the wing venation contains character sets indicative of the existence of seven genera: Zorotypus, Brazilozoros gen.n., Centrozoros gen.n., Floridazoros gen.n., Latinozoros gen.n., Meridozoros gen.n. and Usazoros gen.n. The wing venation of Meridozoros leleupi (Weidner) from the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador and… 
A Winged Zorotypus in Miocene Amber from the Dominician Republic (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae), with Discussion on Relationships of and within the Order
TLDR
The order is considered to be most closely allied to the webspinners, order Embiidina, and genera proposed by Kukalova - Peck and Peck (1993) and Chao and Chen (2000) are new ly synonymized under Zorotypus.
A New Species of Zorotypus from Central Amazonia, Brazil (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae)
TLDR
A new species of zorapteran (Polyneoptera): Zorotypus amazonensis Rafael and Engel is described and figured from alates and apterous individuals captured in Central Amazonia, Brazil and the homology and phylogenetic implications of cepahlic and wing venational traits are discussed.
Aligned 18S for Zoraptera (Insecta): phylogenetic position and molecular evolution.
A new Zorotypus from Peru, with notes on related Neotropical species (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae).
A new species of zorapteran from Junin Province, Peru, is described and fig ured from apterous males and females as Zorotypus juninensis. The species is most similar to Z manni but differs in the
Molecular Phylogeny and Infraordinal Classification of Zoraptera (Insecta)
TLDR
A multigene molecular phylogeny of extant Zoraptera was conducted and critically re-evaluated their morphological characters in order to propose a natural infraordinal classification, which recovered a highly-resolved phylogeny with two main clades representing major evolutionary lineages in Zorapters.
The First Mesozoic Zoraptera (Insecta)
TLDR
Four species, representing both alate and apterous morphs, are preserved in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar and are the first fossil records of the polyneopteran insect order Zoraptera, indicating antiquity of the genus Zorotypus and the order.
The Plecopteroid, Blattoid, and Orthopteroid Orders
TLDR
Members of these orders can be distinguished from other exopterygotes by the following features: generalized biting mouthparts, wing venation usually well developed with numerous crossveins, cerci present, terminalia of male may be asymmetrical and reduced, many Malpighian tubules, and generalized nervous system with several discrete abdominal ganglia.
Cephalic anatomy of Zorotypus hubbardi (Hexapoda: Zoraptera): new evidence for a relationship with Acercaria
TLDR
External and internal head structures of Zorotypus hubbardi were examined and it is plausible to assume that the stem species was small like zorapterans and psocopterans and feeding on hyphae and spores of fungi, with mandibles with grinding molae and chisel-like laciniae suitable for loosening the food substrate.
The amazonica species group of the genus Nitela Latreille (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Crabroninae)
TLDR
Three species previously placed in the subgenus Tenila together with the eight species described in this paper are treated here as the amazonica species group.
Zorotypus in Peninsular Malaysia (Zoraptera: Zorotypidae), with the description of three new species.
TLDR
Three new species of the uncommonly encountered insect order Zoraptera are described and figured from Peninsular Malaysia and another species from the region, identified as Zorotypus caudelli Karny, 1927, was also collected and is reevaluated herein based on new material.
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