Zoot-Suiters and Mexicans: Symbols in Crowd Behavior

  title={Zoot-Suiters and Mexicans: Symbols in Crowd Behavior},
  author={Ralph H. Turner and Samuel J. Surace},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={14 - 20}
Content analysis is used to test a hypotesis that over hostile crowd behavior is preceded by the development of an unambigously unfavorable symbol. The Los Angeles "zoot-suit riots" of 1943 provide an instance, and a sample covering ten and one-half years of newspaper reference to the symbol "Mexican" is analyzed. The hypothesis receives support through the unanticipated emergence of new thematic elements displacing the old traditional references. Predominatly unfavorable connotations of the… 

Los Angeles Zoot: Race "Riot," the Pachuco, and Black Music Culture

  • D. Daniels
  • History
    The Journal of African American History
  • 2002
The interrelationships between black, Hispanic, and American popular culture are evident from an examination of the so-called "zoot-suit" riot that occurred in early June 1943 in Los Angeles. Such

Barrier or Bridge: Photojournalism of the San Diego/TijuanaBorder Region

Using both quantitative and interpretive approaches, this article provides an in-depth analysis of the changing representations of the border region in the newspapers of San Diego and Tijuana over

The Function of Anglo-American Racism in the Political Development of "Chicanos"

California's Mexican Americans, like all minority groups in the United States, have been victims of mental stereotype held by the "Anglo" majority. Often the effect of these stereotypes is to assign

Saying "Nothin'": Pachucas and the Languages of Resistance

On June 9 and 10, 1943, in the midst of the Zoot Suit Riots, Los Angeles newspapers announced the arrest of a “pachuco woman.” According to the press, twenty-two-year-old Amelia Venegas, mother of a

'This ruinous element' : African and Mexican Americans as 'racial problems' in early 20th Century California

This thesis explores the contrasting practices and discourses through which African and Mexican Americans were managed and marked as supposedly racial populations. It focuses primarily on Los Angeles

The demonisation of politicians: moral panics, folk devils and MPs’ expenses

This article makes an argument of almost primitive simplicity: politicians have become examples of Cohen's ‘folk devils’. This, in turn, raises as yet unexplored questions about demonisation and

Manipulation and Counter-Framing: A Content Analysis of Media's Response to the Anti-communist Movements in 1990 Romania

The purpose of the present article is to demonstrate the importance of counter-framing for the outcome of social movements. To do so, I focus on a particular case, namely Romanian society during the

The Forced Evacuation of the Japanese Minority during World War II

Three general causes of the Japanese American evacuation are examined. Collective disposition considers the antagonism toward immigrants, special characteristics of California politics, economic

Influences on the Mexican American Youth Gang Discourse on Local Television News

This paper examines the production of the Mexican American youth gang story for local television news from a Gramscian perspective. It argues that the production of these stories is the result of a

Labeling Theory: A Reconceptualization and a Propositional Statement on Typing

A four stage processual conceptualization is offered relative to a delimitation of labeling, to the naming process, and this reconceptualization features a multi-process model involving: typing, designating; assessing; and resisting labels.


The "phantom anesthetist" of Mattoon: a field study of mass hysteria.

The writer analyzes the records of an example of mass hysteria in a small Illinois town. One woman's hysterical report of being gassed and paralyzed at night led to heightened suggestibility of many