Zoonotic transmission of rotavirus: surveillance and control

  title={Zoonotic transmission of rotavirus: surveillance and control},
  author={Ren{\'a}ta D{\'o}r{\'o} and Szilvia L Farkas and Vito Martella and Kriszti{\'a}n B{\'a}nyai},
  journal={Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy},
  pages={1337 - 1350}
Group A rotavirus (Rotavirus A, RVA) is the main cause of acute dehydrating diarrhea in humans and numerous animal species. RVA shows vast diversity and a variety of human strains share genetic and antigenic features with animal origin RVA strains. This finding suggests that interspecies transmission is an important mechanism of rotavirus evolution and contributes to the diversity of human RVA strains. RVA is responsible for half a million deaths and several million hospitalizations worldwide… 
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Novel G9 rotavirus strains co-circulate in children and pigs, Taiwan
Whole genome sequence and phylogenetic analyses of selected strains showed close genetic relationship among porcine and human strains suggesting zoonotic origin of Taiwanese human G9 strains detected in 2014–2015.
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Group A rotavirus (RVA) and its potential risk factors in rodents and shrews in Bangladesh are targeted using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) and found significantly more RVA in males than females.
Assessing the Epidemiology of Rotavirus A, B, C and H in Diarrheic Pigs of Different Ages in Northern Italy
A portrait of rich rotavirus diversity in porcine herds is depicted, identifying seasonal and age-related patterns of circulation of the different rotav virus species in the surveyed areas.
Diverse human and bat-like rotavirus G3 strains circulating in suburban Bangkok
Although it is not unusual for the segmented genomes of RVA to reassort and give rise to emerging novel strains, the atypical G3 strains identified in this study suggest possible animal-to-human RVA zoonotic spillover even in urban areas.
Rotavirus A, C, and H in Brazilian pigs: potential for zoonotic transmission of RVA
Phylogenetic analysis showed that some of the RVA genotypes found in pigs had high percentages of identity when compared with reference strains from humans, which suggests interspecies transmission.
A Remarkable Genetic Diversity of Rotavirus A Circulating in Red Fox Population in Croatia
A complex background of previous interspecies transmission events is suggested, shedding new light on the potential influence of foxes in RVA epidemiology, and their role as potential reservoirs of broad range of RVA genotypes cannot be dismissed.
Rotavirus A in Brazil: Molecular Epidemiology and Surveillance during 2018–2019
The dominance of an emergent genotype causing AGE reinforces the need for continuous epidemiological surveillance to assess the impact of mass RVA immunization as well as to monitor the emergence of novel genotypes.
Genomic Analysis of Rotavirus Species A Isolated from Swine, Amazon Region, Brazil
RVs are the leading cause of serious diarrhea dehydration in children and animals worldwide, including piglets in the preand postweaning stages, and more recently a new species (RVJ) has been proposed based on the antigenic properties of the VP6 protein.


Shared G12 VP7 gene among human and bovine rotaviruses detected in Cameroonian villages.
This finding provides evidence for a human-to-animal transmission of an epidemic human rotavirus strain in Cameroonian villages during 2011.
The zoonotic potential of rotavirus.
Serotype diversity and reassortment between human and animal rotavirus strains: implications for rotavirus vaccine programs.
Strain surveillance helps to determine whether the most prevalent local strains are likely to be covered by the serotype antigens found in current vaccines, and identified globally (G9) or regionally (G5, G8, and P2A[6]) common serotypes not cover by the reassortant vaccines that have undergone efficacy trials.
Rotavirus strains in neglected animal species including lambs, goats and camelids
The aim of this review is to provide an update of the epidemiology and strain diversity of RV strains in these species through searching for relevant information in public data bases.
Whole-genome analyses reveals the animal origin of a rotavirus G4P[6] detected in a child with severe diarrhea.
Rotavirus disease and vaccination: impact on genotype diversity.
It appears that the total number of hospitalizations due to rotavirus infections is being reduced, at least in developed countries that implemented a universal immunization program, however, continued surveillance is warranted, especially regarding the long-term effects of the vaccines.
Surveillance of human rotaviruses in 2007-2011, Hungary: exploring the genetic relatedness between vaccine and field strains.
  • B. LászlóJ. Kónya K. Bányai
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
  • 2012
Human rotavirus HCR3 possesses a genomic RNA constellation indistinguishable from that of feline and canine rotaviruses
Human rotavirus strain HCR3 was concluded to be originally a rotav virus circulating in cats and dogs and accidental interspecies transmission by whole virions to humans was likely to have occurred in the past.
Aerosol transmission of experimental rotavirus infection
It is document that rotavirus infection can be transmitted by aerosol droplets under experimental conditions and Gastrointestinal illness was clearly demonstrable in the animals while pulmonary pathology was not evident.